“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” Leonardo de Vinci

Our facial expressions change as we contract or relax our facial muscles. Over time, repeated use of the underlying facial muscles results in wrinkles and lines, which are usually associated with ageing. Botulinum toxin injections are successful in treating fine lines and wrinkles of the face most commonly glabellar “frown” lines (between the eyebrows), horizontal forehead lines and crow’s feet. It can also be used to treat excessive sweating, thick bands in the neck, and thick jaw muscles. Botulinum toxin may be used in conjunction with other procedures such as dermal fillers or surgical procedures such as facelifts or blepharoplasty to enhance facial rejuvenation.

Anti wrinkle injections introduction

There are 43 muscles in your face and it’s vital that the person who performs botulinum toxin injections understands the anatomy to optimize the treatment.

Botulinum toxin is a purified toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. It works by paralysing nerves as they enter muscles. The muscle is then unable to contract and move. This relaxes and smooths the fine lines and wrinkles caused by repeated contraction of the underlying small facial muscles. The end result is diminished unwanted facial wrinkles or appearance. Botulinum toxin provides a temporary result and treatment must be repeated at various intervals to maintain the result or effect. Commonly known type of botulinum toxin is Botox®.

What areas can be treated?

Botulinum toxin is most commonly performed in the upper face. The most common areas requested are the horizontal forehead lines, vertical frown lines between the eyebrows, and crow’s feet. While it would probably work around the mouth and chin, it would almost undoubtedly weaken the smile and Dr Mackenzie does not recommend its use around the mouth. Botulinum toxin is useful for the treatment of platysmal bands (‘turkey neck’) as well as excessive sweating in the armpits, palms or soles of feet.


Anti Wrinkle Injections

Any plastic surgery procedure is a very personal choice and understandably there are a number of questions that arise. This information sheet is a general guide for patients considering anti wrinkle injections under the care of Dr Mackenzie. It should provide the answers to some questions that you may have.